GSM 2016 St Paul Caves
Jul 3, 2016Public
Photo: The entrance to the Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary is under Kellogg Boulevard Bridge, just east of downtown St. Paul.
Photo: The half-mile-long bridge was built in 1982 by the Minnesota Department of Transportation and carries about 10,000 cars daily. It is currently being renovated due to structural concerns.
Photo: The nature sanctuary was once a floodplain where Phalen Creek and Trout Brook flowed together into the Mississippi River. The land was used and valued by Native people for thousands of years.
Photo: On our way the the North Star Cave, we look back across the nature sanctuary toward Kellogg Boulevard Bridge.
Photo: Dave M. by the entrance to North Star Cave.
Photo: One of the earliest breweries in St. Paul was the North Star Brewery. It was opened in 1855 by the team of Edward Drewry and George Scotten, Scottish and English immigrants. They located their new enterprise below the bluff near Commercial Street and Hudson Avenue.
Photo: Greg Brick explaining the history of the North Star Cave.
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Photo: North Star is not a natural cave, but was hewn from the sandstone by the brewery.
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Photo: The ale cellars were cut into the sandstone from a series of gallerys connecting the basements of the several buildings and provided a large storage room, with an equitable temperature the year round.
Photo: St. Paul turned out to be an almost perfect place for breweries. Before electricity, underground refrigeration was a necessity and the soft sandstone of the city river bluffs made for easy digging.
Photo: There also was an abundance of pure water that flowed out of artesian wells.
Photo: Loose limestone quarry slabs above North Star Cave.
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Photo: We make our way past one of the ponds in Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary.
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Photo: A family of ducks watches as we pass.
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