evolution involution gallery
Apr 12, 2015Public
Photo: A Gallery Selection From 340 Slides 

Evolution Involution is a unification of what conventional wisdom tends to separate as two fundamental aspects of reality - our phenomenal biocosmic evolution from before and after the Big Bang and its continuum with a numinous universal consciousness.  The slideshow presents images of our human phylogeny as an involution from the present back to before we were atoms and beyond. Chapters include topics relating to anthropology, archaeology, genetics, paleontology and astro-biogenesis.

See more: http://evolution-involution.org
Photo: Introduction to: Evolution-Involution Slideshow
Photo: Evolution
Where did we come from?...Where are we going?
Illustration: Thomas Peters http://spaceart1.ning.com/profile/ThomasPeters
Photo: Civilized Homo sapiens:
Selection Pressure in a Post-Darwinian World. Biorevolution: Human evolution is about to accelerate and BLTC wants to insure that designer babies and human cloning evolve via best practice of genetic engineering. Selection pressure isn't going to slacken. On the contrary, we're on the eve an era of unnatural or artificial selection - a different kind of selection pressure, but a selection pressure that will be extraordinarily intense, favouring a very different set of adaptations than traits that were genetically adaptive in the ancestral environment on the African savannah. 
More: http://www.reproductive-revolution.com/index.html
Artwork: http://www.bltc.com
Photo: The Tunguska Air Blast
A century ago, on June 30, 1908, an asteroid or comet hurtled into Earth's atmosphere and exploded over Siberia, flattening 2,000 square kilometers of forest. This is simply the latest incident where bodies from outer space (in this case probably a small comet) have impacted life on Earth. There have been five major recorded episodes- from both internal (supermassive vulcanism and climatic upheaval) and external (asteroid impacts and gamma ray blasts) that have caused mass  extinctions (up to 90% of Earths entire biota during the Permian-Tertiary "Great Dying"). The first struggles for life to establish may have begun as early as a few million years after Earth solidified into a planet 4.5 billion years ago with repeated extinctions happening during the Pre-Cambrian- so no fossil evidence is preserved.
Illustration: Don Davis http://www.donaldedavis.com
Photo: Humans as Biological Collective
Early life forms were prokaryotic cells that evolved into nucleated eukaryotic cells that assimilated mitochondria to provide chemical energy in a symbiotic union with their host. We- along with plume worms, fruit flies and bats are direct descendants of that co-evolution between the microbes--organisms that live within and upon our host bodies that effect the dermal, digestive, immune and other systems vital to our health and survival.  Our bodies harbor 100 trillion bacterial cells, outnumbering our human cells 10 to one. A symbiotic perspective sees ourselves as hosts over an evolutionary timescale of billions of years in which our cells carry an ancient stamp of symbiosis in the form of mitochondria.  In some ways, we’re an amalgam and a continuously evolving collective. 
Diorama:  Mike O'Brien and Nola Davis 
Photo: Homo sapiens sapiens Races
Race refers to the classification of humans into populations or groups based on various factors such as culture, language, social practice or heritable characteristics. As a biological term, race describes genetically divergent populations of humans that can be marked by common phenotypic and genotypic traits. This sense of race is often used (not without controversy) in forensic anthropology analyzing skeletal remains, biomedical research, and race-based medicine but has no official biological taxonomic significance. 
Detail - The Tower of Time- a 27 foot mural in the Smithsonian National Musum of Natural History http://www.mnh.si.edu/explore.html
Artwork: John Gurche http://www.gurche.com/main_frameset.htm
Photo: Lakota Ghost Dance

The Ghost Dance religion (or movement) was a last vestage of an Amerindian tradition in a continuum that had begun in North America over 15,000 years ago. It was an attempt to answer the subjugation of Native Americans by the U.S. government by revitalizing traditional culture and to find a way to face increasing poverty, hunger, and disease, all representing the reservation life of the Native Americans in the late nineteenth century. The Ghost Dance originated among the Paiute Indians around 1870, however, the tide of the movement came in 1889 with a Paiute shaman Wovoka (Jack Wilson). Wovoka had a vision during a sun eclipse in 1889. In this vision he saw the second coming of Christ and received warning about the evils of white man. The messianic religion promised an apocalypse that would destroy the earth and the white man - then the earth would be restored to the Native Americans along with the return of the buffalo.
Artwork: Howard Terpning
more: Mrs. Z. A. Parker, description of a Ghost Dance observed on White Clay creek at Pine Ridge reservation, Dakota Territory, June 20, 1890.
Photo: Portraits of Amerindians 
See Population Legend at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amerikanska_folk,_Nordisk_familjebok.jpg
Artwork: Amerikanska Folk, Nordisk Familjebok (1876-1904) http://runeberg.org/nfba/0452.html
Photo: Indians Hunting Buffaloe on Horseback
Extracts from the journal of Osborne Russell - a trapper on the far-western American frontier 1834 to 1843. "Snake Indians - The appellation by which this nation is distinguished is derived from the Crows but from what reason I have never been able to determine They call themselves Sho-sho-nies. Their country comprises all the regions drained by the head branches of Green and Bear rivers and the East and Southern head branches of Snake River The Buffaloe is already a stranger, altho so numerous 10 years ago, in that part of the country which is drained by the sources of the Colerado, Bear and Snake Rivers and occupied by the Snake and Bonnack Indians. The Snakes who live upon Buffaloe and live in large villages seldom use poison upon their arrows either in hunting or war - They are well armed with fusees (fusee - a gun - editor) and well supplied with horses they seldom stop more than 8 or 10 dys in one place which prevents the accumulation of filth which is so common among Indians that are Stationary. Their lodges are spacious neatly made of dressed Buffaloe skins, sewed to gether and set upon 11 or 13 long smooth poles to each lodge which are dragged along for that purpose."
more: http://www.thecommunitypaper.com/archive/2008/11_27/index.php
Photo: Buffalo Hunt
Centered in what is now Utah, the area of the Colorado Plateau and eastern Great Basin was first settled (9,000 BC to about 5,500 BC) by Paleoindian - big and small game hunters, collectors, foragers. About 5,500 BC to about 1000 BC archaic indians adapted increasingly to agriculture. Originally considered to be an inferior, out-back branch of the well studied Anasazi culture, most archaeologists now believe that between 2500 and 1500 years ago, the existing groups of hunter-gatherers gradually developed into the Fremont Culture with a lifestyle of hunting/gathering and corn horticulture. They left a record of a distinctive pictographs and   petroglyphs, throughout  their range. The Three King's panel of the Fremont Indians near Vernal, Utah is regarded as the finest Indian petroglyph panel in the world. 
Artwork: Nola Davis, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and the Lubbock Lake Landmark
Photo: Butchering Bison
Clovis people (13,500 to 13,000 ya) were considered to be the ancestors of all the indigenous cultures of North and South America. However, this majority view has been contested over the last thirty years by several archaeological discoveries. Radiocarbon dating of the Monte Verde site in Chile place Clovis-like culture there as early as 13,500 years ago and remains found at the Channel Islands of California  place coastal Paleoindians there 12,500 years ago. This suggests that the Paleoindian migration could have spread more quickly along the Pacific coastline, proceeding south, and that populations that settled along that route could have then begun migrations eastward into the continent.
sculpture by Mike O'Brien, and a background scene painted by Nola Davis, courtesy Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
Photo: Clovis Deer Hunters
New studies of genetic samples from native New World populations (from Alaska to Brazil) show they all share a unique allele at a specific microsatellite locus that is not found in any Old World populations (except Koryak and Chukchi of western Berengia), which implies that all modern Native Americans descended from a single founding population that was the result of migration of a narrow North Asian population. This is further supported by ancient DNA studies showing that Late Pleistocene Paleoamerican carried the same haplogroups (and even sub-haplogroups) as modern Native groups. Dogs are depicted whose ancestors must have accompanied the first humans into America- having co-evolved with Homo sapiens  from wolves some 135 Kya.
Texas A&M University
Photo: North American Short-faced Bear 
Arctodus simus- the giant short-faced bear has just chased two wolves away from their kill, a steppe bison calf. As the bear eats, the wolves wait, hoping to get back to their prey. The giant short-faced bear was the largest and perhaps the fiercest of the Ice Age land carnivores of North America. It appears to have specialized in scavenging, driving other predators away from their fresh kill.
Diorama: Yukon Beringia Interpretive Centre http://www.beringia.com
Photo: Giant Short-Faced Bear
Arctodus simus, also known as the giant short-faced bear, is an extinct species of bear. It was native to prehistoric North America from about 800,000 years ago, and became extinct about 12,500 years ago so the earliest Clovis people may have confronted this fearsome predator. It is one of the largest bears in the fossil record and was among the largest mammalian land predators of all time.
According to the still-debated Settlement of the Americas, a migration of humans from Eurasia to North America took place via Beringia, a land bridge created from falling sea levels which which began about 60,000 - 25,000 years ago, that connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The minimum time depth by which this migration had taken place is confirmed at 12,000 years ago, with the earliest period remaining unresolved.
Indian Artwork: Karl Bodmer http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Karl_Bodmer
Photo: Kennewick Man
Sometime around 15,000 years ago, the new theory goes, coastal Asian groups began working their way along the shoreline of ancient Beringia - a route labled "the kelp highway". Kennewick man may belong to an ancient population of seafarers who were America’s original settlers. They did not look like Native Americans. The few remains we have of these early people show they had longer, narrower skulls with smaller faces. These mysterious people have long since disappeared. Judging from the shape of his skull and bones, his closest living relatives appear to be the Moriori people of the Chatham Islands, a remote archipelago 420 miles southeast of New Zealand, as well as the mysterious Ainu people of Japan - Just think of polynesians. 
more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/kennewick-man-finally-freed-share-his-secrets-180952462/?no-ist
Photo: Las Palmas Clovis Woman
A scientific reconstruction of an ancient woman known as La Mujer de las Palmas, based on the skeletal remains of a female who lived between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago. Experts reconstructed what the woman may have looked like based on the remains found in 2002 in a flooded sinkhole cave near the Caribbean resort of Tulum, Mexico. Anthropologist Alejandro Terrazas says the reconstruction resembles people from southeastern Asia areas like Indonesia, even though experts had long believed the first people to migrate to the Americas where from northeast Asia.
Reconstruction: Elizabeth Daynès http://www.daynes.com/en/home.php
Photo: This undated photo taken at the France-based Atelier Daynes in Paris, released on Friday, July 23, 2010, by Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History, shows a scientific reconstruction of an ancient woman known as La Mujer de las Palmas, based on the skeletal remains of a female who lived between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago in Tulum, Mexico. Experts reconstructed what the woman may have looked like based on the remains found in 2002 in a sinkhole cave near the Caribbean resort of Tulum, Mexico. Anthropologist Alejandro Terrazas says the reconstruction resembles people from southeastern Asia areas like Indonesia, even though experts had long believed the first people to migrate to the Americas where from northeast Asia. (AP Photo/ Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History)
Photo: Naia of Hoyo Negro
New finds, theories, and genetic discoveries are revolutionizing our understanding of the first Americans. The first face of the first Americans belongs to an unlucky teenage girl who fell to her death in a Yucatán cave some 12,000 to 13,000 years ago. Her bad luck is science’s good fortune. The story of her discovery begins in 2007, when a team of Mexican divers led by Alberto Nava made a startling find: an immense submerged cavern they named Hoyo Negro, the “black hole.” At the bottom of the abyss their lights revealed a bed of prehistoric bones, including at least one nearly complete human skeleton.
more: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2015/01/first-americans/hodges-text
Photo: Huaorani Tribe

One of the indigenous Amazonian tribes in Ecuador, possibly descended from an initial wave of immigration that occurred around 25 Kya during the Beringian glacial refugium that created a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska - resulting is a swift peopling of the Americas that in a space o 10 K years spread as far south as Monte Verde in  Chile. In the last 40 years the Huaorani have shifted from a hunter-gather, stone-age culture to live mostly in permanent settlements. Conclusions from studies of mitochondrial genomes
 haplogroup suggesting that all indigenous Amerindian are part of a single founding East Asian population are questioned by fossil evidence from Brazil's Lagoa Santa region. Subsequent immigrants around 10 Kya may have displacerd earlier populations in North America who themselves were displaced by later arrivals -the ancestors of modern native-American indians.
Photo: Luzia of Lagoa Santa
At least two distinct groups of early humans colonized the Americas, a new study says. Anthropoligists studied 81 skulls of early humans from Brazil's Lagoa Santa region and found them to be different from both modern and ancient Native Americans. One skull discoverd at a site in the state of Minas Gerais called Lapa Vermelha was given the name Luzia. The 11,000-year-old remains suggest that the oldest settlers of the Americas came from different genetic stock than more recent Native Americans. Modern Native Americans share traits with Mongoloid peoples of Mongolia, China, and Siberia but researchers found many skulls from Brazil appear much more similar to modern Australians, Melanesians, and Sub-Saharan Africans. 
Digital Reconstruction: evolution-involution.org More: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/12/1212_051212_humans_americas.html
Lagoa Santa George Weber http://www.andaman.org/BOOK/chapter54/text-LagoaSanta/text-LagoaSanta.htm
Photo: "Standoff" 
Sabertooth versus Dire Wolves in southern California 13,000 years ago.
San Diego Natural History Museum http://www.sdnhm.org
Artwork: William Stout http://planetdinosaur.com/paleo_art/william_stout.htm
Photo: The La Brea Tar Pits in California are the most famous of many tar pits around the world that have preserved the fossil remains of extinct megafauna from the last ice 
age more than 30 Kya. The only human evidence recovered so far- is the crushed skull of a female dating to 9 Kya. Radiocarbon dating has shown the Clovis period to range from 13,300 to 12,800 calendar years ago, giving the culture only several hundred years to reach the tip of South America. The Clovis-first model says it would have taken anywhere from 700 to 1,000 years but archaeological sites in South America have yielded the same dates. It now seems the peopling of the Americas was not a singular event but instead- people arrived at different times and took different routes and potentially came from different places. 
Artwork: Charles S. Knight  (1874-1953) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_R._Knight
Photo: California Before Humans
Camels, tapirs, horses, and early llamas roamed southern California 20,000 years ago, but none of those species—not even the horses—survived there after the end of the  Ice Age.
San Diego Natural History Museum http://www.sdnhm.org
Artwork: William Stout http://planetdinosaur.com/paleo_art/william_stout.htm